Tag Archives: enryo

Enryo and Love

Last week, Cure Kiyoku wrote about episode 37 of DokiDoki Precure, which explored the importance of appreciation for vegetables.  This lesson was very much in line with what we have learned about the importance of vegetables from Cure Dolly.  In Cure Dolly’s previous article, she also taught us about the Japanese virtue of enryo, or self-restraint.  Interestingly enough, the next episode of DokiDoki Precure, episode 38, is about enryo.

Ai-chan playing drumsAt the beginning of the episode, we see that Ai-chan is doing very well.  She is learning to be a very good girl.  She is throwing less and less tantrums.  We also see that being a good girl means practicing enryo.  Ai-chan is told that she can not eat too much or drink too much.  She accepts that without complaining, and because she is good, she gets the reward of playing with a drum.

Of course, the villains have to try to spoil all of this, and they kidnap Ai-chan to try to turn her into a Selfishness.  To do this, they give Ai-chan anything she wants, whenever she wants it.  They give her as much to eat and drink as she wants, and they let her do anything she wants without restraint!

Ai-chan being temptedFor a time, this works.  Ai-chan does become a Selfishness for a time.  This is very much like the temptation faced by Candy-chan in Smile Precure.  You can read about it in Cure Dolly’s article, The Philosophical Riddle of the Ball of Neglect.  In DokiDoki Precure, this temptation is even more virulent.  Ai-chan starts to become rather nasty.  She throws temper tantrums and even becomes a bit violent.

Ai-chan turned to SelfishnessIn Smile Precure, Candy-chan is able to resist the temptation by remembering a lesson from Miyuki-chan regarding the pleasures of shared treats.  In DokiDoki Precure, it is Cure Heart that rescues Ai-chan.  She is able to rescue her with love.  She tells Ai-chan how much she loves her, and how happy Ai-chan makes all of the girls.  She reminds Ai-chan of the fun that they have all had together.

Ai-chan and Cure HeartIn the modern world, this would seem to be a poor antidote for being able to have everything one wants whenever she wants it, yet, this frees Ai-chan from the Selfish Kingdom and restores her heart!

It seems that love and enryo are very much intertwined.

Ai-chan restored

Oh yes, from the previews it looks like Regina-san is back.  I am quite interested in seeing what will happen next.

Absolutely THE Best Vegetable Music Video EVER!

You thought you knew vegetable songs. We all thought we knew vegetable songs. But believe me, AKB48’s new release, 野菜シスターズ  – Yasai Sisutaazu: Vegetable Sisters  –  re-creates the genre!

AKB48: Vegetable Sisters
Ladies sing the greens

If studying Japanese gives one one thing, it is a fresh (no pun intended) appreciation of vegetables. Whether in Precure or Tonari no Totoro, a visit to a vegetable garden is a thing of delight, accompanied by cries of oishii! Western people take vegetables for granted as they take everything else for granted. I have always been filled with wonder at the sheer abundance and kindness of Our Mother’s world, and so are Japanese people. In so many ways, the Japanese attitude seems to me the natural one and the Western attitude peculiar and perverse.

In Anpanman there is a truly charming character called Okura-chan (Okra-chan — yes, she is a lady-finger) who grows vegetables for all the dear peeples. When she gives a lovely tray of vegetables though, she starts to cry:


In Japanese it is really quite lovely. I will give you my translation, which really cannot do it justice, I fear, partly because English language/culture just does not support these sentiments, and partly because vegetable names sound humorous in English in a way that they do not in Japanese, where respect for the eating of life is ingrained. When Japanese people say itadakimasu (I humbly receive) before meals they are giving thanks for the life that has been taken, even vegetable life, to nourish and delight them. That spirit also permeates Okura-chan’s speech:

Sayounara dear vegetable friends.
Okra-chan: Goodbye dear vegetable friends.

Sayounara, turnip-san. Sayounara, carrot-san. All of you, all of you, kindly grew up to be big. It is sad, but the time of farewell has come. Receive the favor of being eaten with appreciation [or, of being eaten and found delicious]. I will never forget you all.

As you see, the translation is very awkward and strange, and not only owing to my poor skills in the matter (though they don’t help). I could have made it sound more naturally English, but only at the expense of what is really being said. This is why English subtitles are so inadequate much of the time. They really cannot convey what is actually said and still sound natural in English, so they tend to say something else that is in the same general area but pervaded with much more cynical and less innocent, straightforward, and fundamentally good cultural assumptions. Modern English does not do innocent well. Nor are the ideas of such things as giving and receiving, mutual kindness and dependence, so deeply embedded in the language.

When I discussed this recurring scene with a Japanese friend, she said that Okura-chan cried because the vegetables were her 大切な友だち (taisetsu na tomodachi) — her precious friends.

So – with a quick run-down of Japanese vegetable culture to prime you, here is 野菜シスターズ  – Yasai Sisutaazu: Vegetable Sisters  – the best vegetable music-kinnie you’ll ever see!

Now with helpful Japanese subtitles for those learning the language*.


*A friend told me that the subtitles are in English, not Japanese, which puzzled me. I now realize that the subtitles default to your YouTube language settings. Since mine are Japanese, I see Japanese subtitles. To change them, go to YouTube and click the CC button that will appear at the bottom of this video. You can then choose the subtitle language.

En(ryo)d note

Having discussed Okura-chan’s vegetable speech another thing occurred to me that I thought might interest you. In the episode 赤ちゃんマンとオクラちゃん (Akachanman and Okurachan) Okura-chan and a bear are in the position of giving and receiving, each with both hands on the tray of vegetables (as in the picture above). Okura-chan begins to cry and makes her sayounara speech to the vegetables.

The bear, disconcerted, says that it is not necessary to receive the vegetables. Okura-chan’s reply is another piece of Japanese that is hard to translate into English:


Enryo nanka shinaide.

Literally this could be translated as “do not show restraint”. But 遠慮 enryo (self-restraint, self-control, self-denial) is a fundamental concept in Japanese culture.

An example of enryo given to me by a friend is that she used to attend formal dinners at a restaurant where everyone had paid for a sumptuous communal meal. The meal would be on a central platter, and no one would be the first to take food. It would become cold and eventually be removed uneaten by the waitresses. No one wished to appear greedy or selfish. Everyone was practicing enryo. This may seem an extreme, but actually is a common, example of enryo.

Okura-chan thus releases the recipient from any obligation of enryo and walks away leaving the bear saying だって “But…”

This is, of course humorous. In my experience, Japanese people view this with equal parts of humor and genuine appreciation of the sentiments.